Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, occurs either when the body has a deficient amount of insulin or when the body is not using the insulin properly.

If you have an increased blood sugar levels for a prolonged period of time, you are exposed to the risk of many severe conditions.

High Blood Sugar Symptoms

High Blood Sugar Symptoms

Frequent or ongoing high levels of blood sugar can permanently damage different parts of your body, including your nerves, blood vessels, kidneys, and eyes.

In order to prevent any grave complications, you should treat the symptoms of hyperglycemia immediately. Here are the most common symptoms of high blood sugar levels.

Signs and Symptoms of High Blood Sugar

The most common warning signs and symptoms of high blood sugar include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Headaches
  • Weight loss
  • Dry mouth
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased frequency of urination
  • Blurred vision
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Concentration problems
  • Intestinal problems
  • Slow-healing wounds
  • Skin infections
  • Nerve damage

Causes of High Blood Sugar

A number of factors can be responsible for increasing your blood sugar levels, such as:

  • Dehydration
  • Overconsumption of carbohydrates
  • Infrequent intake or incorrect dose of your diabetes medications
  • Illness
  • Infection
  • Stress
  • Lack of exercise

Diet for High Blood Sugar

Your diet plays a major role in reducing your blood sugar levels. The carbohydrates are usually one of the most responsible groups of food for increasing the blood sugar.

In order to lower your blood sugar, you should substitute the high glycemic index (GI) foods with low ones. According to Dr. Jennie Brand-Miller, an Australian nutritionist and an advocate of the glycemic index, low-GI foods are less likely to raise the blood sugar levels. Dr. Brand-Miller divides the carbohydrate-containing foods into three categories:

  • High glycemic index (GI of 70 or more) – white rice, white bread, waffles, most packaged breakfast cereals, cakes, croissants, crackers, doughnuts, and bagels.
  • Moderate glycemic index (GI of 56 to 69) – corn, white rice, white and sweet potatoes, certain breakfast cereals, and couscous.
  • Low glycemic index (GI of 55 or less) – beans, fruits and vegetables, nuts, low-fat dairy products, pasta, and minimally processed grains.

Apart from consuming low glycemic index food, you should drink more water since it will help you to remove the excess sugar from your blood and to prevent you from dehydrating.

Also, you should exercise regularly. Some exercises can raise your blood sugar levels, so you should consult your doctor about the exercises that are right for you.